In the technique of intaglio printing, the ink is applied in the recessions of the printing plated. The printing plate can be made of metal, wood, plastic, cardboard. The processing of the plate can be mechanical (this is how a dry needle and mezzotinto are created) or chemical (recessions in the metal are etched with acid) - this is how etching, aquatint, lavis, and soft varnish are made.
Printing plate - zinc or copper plate ("board")
Method: Acid-resistant varnish is applied to the printing plate, then the lines of the future image are scratched with a steel needle on the metal surface, and finally the plate is placed in acid - the etching process takes place. By the way, it was this process that gave the name to the technique: eau-forte literally means "strong water" in French. Then ink is rolled into the recessions of the printing plate, which, under the influence of the pressure of the printing press, is transferred to the slightly moistened paper.
Famous etching masters: Albrecht Durer, Jacques Callot, Rembrandt, Anthony van Dyck, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Francisco Goya, Camille Corot, etc.
Artist Tanya Pyoniker works in the etching technique. In her series of etchings "Seven", created specially for JART gallery exhibition, the artist creates and actualizes intricate images in the aesthetics of a medieval bestiary with the help of small strokes and details.